Browse POLICY Project (1995-2006) Materials
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This document has been compiled by the International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP)/UNESCO HIV/AIDS Impact on Education Clearinghouse in cooperation with POLICY /Futures Group. It aims to bring together, for ease of access, national and education sector HIV/AIDS policies and strategies adopted by governments to manage the impact of HIV/AIDS on their country or more specifically their education systems, to help protect their populations from infection and to care for those who are infected or affected by HIV/AIDS. These resources are provided for information purposes only and inclusion of a policy or strategy in this document does not necessarily signify approval on the part of IIEP/UNESCO or POLICY/Futures Group.
Owing to the high fertility and declining mortality experiences in the past, Kenya is characterized by a youthful population with over 40 per cent being younger than 15 years. This implies that over half of Kenyas population, about 31 million in 2004 is aged below 24 years, with a large peoportion being adolescents. Consequently, Kenya faces the formidible challenge of providing its adolescents with opportunities for a safe, healthy, and economically productive future. In line with the ICPD recommendations, Kenya has put in place an Adolescent Reproductive Health and Development (ARH&D) Policy to enhance the implementation and coordination of programmes that address the reproductive health and development needs of young people in the country. The principles spelt out in the ARH&D Policy provided a conceptual guide to the development of this Plan of Action, which further distinguishes four strategic areas: advocacy; health awareness and behaviour change communication; access to and utilization of sustainable youth friendly services; and management. This Plan of Action also provides an estimation of the total resources required to achieve the goal and objectives outlined in the Adolescent Reproductive Health and Development Policy.
This manual is designed to help manage the Government of Kenya's Facility Improvement Fund successfully in local health centres. Experience in the health centres has shown that implementation of the policies and procedures described in the manual will improve the collection and use of funds, and enhance patient and staff satisfaction with services.
This report provides a summary analysis of the resources required to achieve the broad objectives outlined in Kenyas National AIDS Strategic Plan (KNASP). The report specifically provides summary information on the key interventions as laid out in the KNASP (2005-2010) and the financial resources required for a credible response to the epidemic. The report also includes the best estimates on the current coverage of those interventions; the current assumptions about HIV/AIDS capacity required to scale up coverage; the best current estimates; and the current and projected HIV/AIDS resources. The data specific to Kenya were obtained using a combination of: 1) key informant interviews with representatives from government, US government agencies, UN institutions, and local universities; 2) a review of six existing HIV/AIDS budgets in Kenya; 3) review of international literature; and 4) various demographic and economic surveys conducted on HIV/AIDS interventions in Kenya.
This manual provides a comlete set of guidelines for operations of the Health Boards and Committees.
This manual provides guidelines for employers and employees on issues of HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in employment. The overall objective this manual is to assist employers, employees and would be employees, to take action and make informed decisions pertaining to employment, HIV/AIDS and human rights. The manual applies both to the formal and informal sectors. Knowledge of human rights in the workplace will assist employers and employees to challenge policies and programmes that violate the rights of people living with HIV/AIDS.
This is a brief introduction to the “HIV/AIDS National Emergency Action Plan” (HEAP) for HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. For an effective and coordinated response to the AIDS epidemic there is a need for the development of an overall National Strategic Plan. The process of doing this encompasses several elements of which the situation and response analyses have already been completed. The HEAP is the next step.
Building on a participatory process that began more than a year ago with technical support from POLICY/South Africa, the Anglican Church of the Province of Southern Africa has adopted a provincial HIV/AIDS strategic plan for 2003–2006. Forged diocese-by-diocese, the plan represents the best of the Anglican Church’s collective wisdom and is designed to ensure that local approaches are used to address local concerns. Among the provisions in the document are plans to: ? Expand care and support efforts for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) through a trainer-of-trainers program involving members of the Mothers Union and the Anglican Women’s Fellowship; ? Conduct a pilot project on voluntary counseling and testing to explore the feasibility of providing these services through faith-based communities; ? Establish “Lay Leadership Training Academies” and clergy schools and training programs to build leadership skills, improve pastoral care, and strengthen commitment to address HIV/AIDS; ? Form of a committee on Sexuality Education and HIV Prevention to develop prevention programs and curricula geared toward youth; and ? Collaborate with multisectoral partners to outline a workplace policy on HIV/AIDS and catastrophic illnesses in order to help reduce stigma and discrimination. In addition, the participatory process used to develop the strategic plan is documented in a training manual so that it can be used as a model for other community- and faith-based organizations.
For the first time in the country, four states have taken initiative on their own and formulated state specific population policies. Processes followed to prepare population policies varied from one state to another and also the strategies selected for achieving population stabilization within a stipulated time period within the broad framework of reproductive and child health programme. All the four states, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, tried to set realistic objectives, integrate family planning services with maternal and child health services, encourage informed choice, address gender issues and decentralize the programme implementation to a large extent. Processes followed to formulate the policies largely included preparation of background papers, consultations with a wide range of stakeholders including women, adolescent, non-government organizations and private sector, discussions within the department of health and family welfare and with other development departments and involvement of political leaders and policy makers from the beginning in policy development. Given the involvement of diverse groups in consultative processes, building consensus is a difficult, cumbersome and time-consuming process. It is to the credit of these states who selected a difficult path of consultative processes and consensus building to formulate policies than the usually employed short cut method of producing a confidential document and getting it formally approved by the Cabinet and then announcing to the world the arrival of new era. More often than not, policies formulated without openness and broad consensus failed at implementation stages although policies formulated with consultation processes do not automatically guarantee success without implementation plans and follow up with the help of strengthened and effective monitoring systems. This paper illustrates the way UP Government has converted UP Population Policy into an implementation plan.
During the process of formulating the Kenya National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan, some of the gender dimensions of the epidemic had been recognised. It was noted that a striking feature of the epidemic was its impact on women as compared to men; the incidence of HIV/AIDS among women was rising at a shocking rate and women were being infected at an earlier age than men were. However, explicit strategies that focused specifically on gender issues were not included in the development of policies or programmes under the five priority areas. In 2001, as the gender aspects of the epidemic became clearer and it was recognised that gender was playing a crucial role in the dynamics of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, the National AIDS Control Council established a Technical Sub-Committee on Gender and HIV/AIDS Task Force. It was agreed that the best approach would be to engender the existing Kenya National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan because it is the key document that guides and co-ordinates all responses to HIV/AIDS in Kenya. The Technical Sub-Committee’s mandate was to formulate guidelines and create a strategic framework through which gender concerns could be integrated into the analyses, formulation and monitoring of policies and programmes relating to the five priority areas of the Kenya National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan so as to ensure that the beneficial outcomes are shared equitably by all – women, men, boys and girls. The gender analysis and mainstreaming strategies contained in this document are centrally informed by two National AIDS Control Council commissioned field studies carried out in October 2001 and May 2002. The findings of the field studies illustrate how different attributes and roles societies assign to males and females profoundly affect their ability to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS and cope with its impact. Examples range from the gender issues that render both men and women vulnerable to HIV infection to the ways in which gender influences men and women’s responsibility for, and access to, treatment, care and support. The findings from the field studies and the resulting gender analyses illustrate that gender roles and relations powerfully influence the course and impact of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Gender-related factors shape the extent to which men, women, boys and girls are vulnerable to HIV infection, the ways in which AIDS affects them, and the kinds of responses that are feasible in different communities and societies. The control of the spread of HIV/AIDS is dependent on the recognition of women’s rights in all spheres of life and therefore, women’s empowerment is an important tool in the fight against HIV/AIDS. Because the HIV/AIDS pandemic is fuelled by gender inequalities, a proactive engendered response is required to minimise its impact. It is through this document that the Technical Sub- Committee on Gender hopes to ensure that the gender dimension of the HIV/AIDS epidemic does not remain just an intellectual idea, but through the identified strategies becomes a practical tool for guiding policy decisions and programming for all activities under the umbrella of the Kenya National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan for 2000 - 2005.
Recognizing the serious nature of HIV/AIDS and its impact on South Africa, the Department of Public Service and Administration (DPSA) initiated the Impact and Action Project in January 2000 which aims to ensure that the Public Service is able to sustain quality service in spite of the progression of the AIDS pandemic. In consultation with stakeholders, the DPSA developed a policy framework and regulations to guide departments on the minimum requirements to effectively manage HIV/AIDS in the workplace and to ensure a coordinated public response. This guide complements the regulations and provides practical advice and information on how to implement the regulations.
32-page booklet summarizing the Malawi National HIV/AIDS Policy developed and printed with assistance from the USAID-funded POLICY Project, UNDP, and UNAIDS.
HIV/AIDS has compelled individuals and societies to re-evaluate their attitudes, prejudices and behaviours underscoring the need for an enlightened public policy that promotes support and care rather than coercion, tolerance and compassion rather than discrimination, protection of human rights and dignity rather than stigmatisation and exclusion. It is hoped that this policy document, directed to all cooperating partners, including Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs), the private sector, PLWHA, NGOs, CBOs, and civil society organisations at large, religious bodies, institutions of learning and development partners provides such a positive response. The Government of Ghana expects all sectors to be involved in the implementation of programmes.
This document is the actual National Health Policy for Bangladesh.
Home-based care is an approach to care provision that combines clinical services, nursing care, counseling and psycho-spiritual care, and social support. It represents a continuum of care, from the health facility to the community to the family to the individual infected with HIV/AIDS, and back again. The Government of Kenya regards home-based care as a viable mechanism for delivering services because it has important benefits for everyone on that continuum. This guide summarizes the existing policy framework defining and supporting home-based care in Kenya. It then presents the preferred approach to programme design and service delivery.
These guidelines spell out the basic component of home care services, the programmatic standards, and the requirements for service delivery.
A major outcome of the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994 is that many countries including Nigeria shifted the focus of their population and development programmes to reproductive health. In this regard, the Reproductive Health Division of the Federal Ministry of Health, with assistance from POLICY Project, developed a 5-year RH strategic plan for the period 2002 – 2006. This strategic framework and plan is fashioned to translate the reproductive health policy into actionable plans. The goal of the strategic framework is to improve the quality of life of all Nigerians, men,, women and children through enhanced reproductive health. Thus the key objectives are to reduce the maternal mortality rate by 90% and perinatal mortality rate by 30% of the 1999 figures. Other objectives to reduce the prevalence of STIs and HIV infections, limit all forms of gender-based violence and other harmful practices, reduce the incidence of reproductive cancers and infertility, and increase contraceptive prevalence rate. In providing a comprehensive right based and gender sensitive reproductive health services, linkages between that make services comprehensive should be established such that health care staff, made polyvalent in their skills offer services in a wide range of RH care needs within each care centre. The strategic framework and plan also promotes community participation and encourages private sector support. Since health is under the concurrent list in Nigeria, the three tiers of government, shall spearhead the funding and implementation of the Plan with support from Developmental Agencies, International organizations and NGOs The following priority areas have been given focused attention: • Safe Motherhood • Family Planning • Adolescent Reproductive Health • STIs, HIV/AIDS • Harmful Practices, Reproductive rights and Gender Issues • Tumours of Reproductive Organs • Infertility and Sexual Dysfunction’ • Menopause and Andropause The contemporary issues under each of these component areas are to be addressed through five strategies of advocacy and social mobilization, promotion of healthy reproductive behaviour, equitable access to quality services, capacity building and research promotion. It is expected that this strategic framework and plan may be reviewed as necessary. With an estimated budget of N21,000,000.000 (Twenty one billion Naira), successful implementation of this strategic framework and plan should substantially contribute to achievement of the goals of the RH policy, the National Health Policy and the National Policy on Population for sustainable Development.
Haiti's National Strategic Plan for the Control and Prevention of HIV/AIDS
Draft population policy.
Draft National Youth and Adolescent Health Policy
Several published information indicates that Edo State has high rates of international sex trafficking, unplanned and unsafe abortion, female genital cutting and sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS among youth. These problems have been widely discussed in the popular press, and there is a growing body of public opinion indicating that Edo State has critical reproductive health problems among young people that need to be urgently addressed. Consequently, it was considered necessary to develop a strategic plan for improving the sexual and reproductive health of young adults and adolescents in Edo State and to address the peculiar YAARH problems in the state. We believe that such a plan would engender common understanding of the real needs of adolescents and young adults by relevant stakeholders in Edo State, thereby generating considerable impetus and resources for addressing the problems.
The National Population Commission formulated the National Population Strategy in 1996 based on the doctrines of Islam (al share a al Islamic), the Constitution of Jordan, the National Charter, and the principles of democracy and human rights. The strategy further adheres to the values of Jordanian society and culture. This is an updated version of that strategy. It was written in the context of recent developments at the national and international levels as Jordan enters the third millennium, an era characterized by globalization, information technology, and revolutionary communication systems. This document is the product of the dedicated efforts of the National Population Commission and is to be considered as a reference for planners and for policymakers and decision makers in all areas related to population.