Browse POLICY Project (1995-2006) Materials
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Country and regional assignments reflect those made at the time of production and may not correspond to current USAID designations.
List entries are alphabetical by title and contain the title, abstract, language, and then the filename which is hyperlinked and will open in a new browser window. Many files are PDFs but some of the older ones are Word documents.
This guide provides an interactive approach to provide simple tools to assist in the process of formulating realistic and context specific plan to guide the future HIV/AIDS work in the Anglican Community.
In Ghana there is a dearth of studies on the economic impact of HIV/AIDS. In recognition of the possible consequences of HIV/AIDS on business concerns, a desk review of existing data was carried out. In addition, a number of senior managers were interviewed to ascertain the measures that have been put in place in various institutions to prevent and control HIV infections among their staff and to minimize the economic impact of the disease on the business. The purpose of this initial review was twofold: i. to determine what additional information is needed to facilitate the development of an advocacy tool for the sensitization of management at the workplace; and ii. to encourage various business institutions to assess in realistic manner what HIV means to them and to develop an appropriate response.
AIM projections and impacts.
Four background papers prepared for the Plenary Session on HIV/AIDS of the AGOA Forum address issues related to the HIV/AIDS crisis.
This paper describes the AGOA objectives and explains how HIV/AIDS may affect our ability to achieve those objectives.
This paper describes the challenges ministries of finance and planning face in responding to the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
This paper addresses challenges faced by ministries of trade and commerce in addressing the HIV/AIDS crisis, particularly in the areas of intellectual rights, trade practices, tourism, the world of work, and international competitiveness.
This paper discusses ways in which the private business sector is responding to the issue of HIV/AIDS.
Since the 1960s, the Ministry of Health (MOH) of Turkey has enjoyed the benefits of external assistance for its family planning (FP) program especially from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The MOH has since developed an FP program that operates through a widespread network of facilities across the entire country. Today, the MOH dispenses about 70 percent of all intra-uterine devices (IUDs) and about 30 percent of all oral contraceptives (OCs) and condoms in the country. MOH’s FP service provision has traditionally been based on free and universal access. The only exception has been that some of the facilities have in recent years started to collect donations from better-off IUD clients as a result of spontaneous trend. In 1995, the Government of Turkey (GOT) and USAID signed an agreement whereby USAID’s assistance for the FP program would be phased out in five years. This meant that Turkey would have to develop a self-sustaining financing policy to bridge the resource gap created by the departure of USAID’s assistance. The MOH has since been continuing its efforts to develop and implement a new policy. According to the phaseout plan, USAID would donate 20 percentage points less condoms and OCs in each year of the phaseout period. IUD donations, however, would fully continue until the fourth year, when they would be lowered to 50 percent of the forecasted consumption of that year. In 2000, total responsibility would pass onto the GOT. However, there was a diversion from the original phaseout in the implementation stage. Although this has caused confusion, the MOH was quick to respond to the plan by initiating its first-ever contraceptive commodity procurement in 1996.
Sentinel surveillance systems for HIV are designed to provide information on trends to policy makers and program planners. The data are useful for understanding the magnitude of the HIV/AIDS problem in certain geographic areas and among special populations and for monitoring the impact of interventions. These data also can be used to prepare estimates of national HIV prevalence suitable for advocacy purposes and district planning. This paper describes the approach used in Malawi to develop an estimate of adult HIV prevalence. The methodology and assumptions reported here were developed during a workshop organized by the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) in Lilongwe in September 1999 and updated for 2001 during a workshop in Lilongwe in May 2001. Participants represented the NACP, National Statistical Office, MACRO, College of Medicine, Ministry of Health and Population, University of Malawi, Department of Human Resources Management and Development, CDC and the POLICY Project.
This report describes networking among NGOs in five districts of Ghana's Eastern Region.
Glossary of definitions relating to gender and health.
This manual provides guidelines for employers and employees on issues of HIV/AIDS and Human Rights in employment. The overall objective this manual is to assist employers, employees and would be employees, to take action and make informed decisions pertaining to employment, HIV/AIDS and human rights. The manual applies both to the formal and informal sectors. Knowledge of human rights in the workplace will assist employers and employees to challenge policies and programmes that violate the rights of people living with HIV/AIDS.
This is a brief introduction to the “HIV/AIDS National Emergency Action Plan” (HEAP) for HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. For an effective and coordinated response to the AIDS epidemic there is a need for the development of an overall National Strategic Plan. The process of doing this encompasses several elements of which the situation and response analyses have already been completed. The HEAP is the next step.
This briefing book is intended to provide information about the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Ghana. This material is also available as a slide show or interactive computer presentation. The information is provided in four sections: Background: What we know about HIV/AIDS in Ghana today Projections: The number of people who might develop AIDS in the future Impacts: The social and economic impacts of AIDS Interventions: What needs to be done to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS Policy: Policy issues and the National Strategic Framework, and institutional structure that have been put into place to combat the epidemic
Four-page bulletin summarizing AIM results in nine Francophone African countries. (Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cote D'Ivoire, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic has become a serious health and development problem in many countries around the world. The Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS (UNAIDS) estimates the number of HIV infections worldwide at about 36.1 million by the end of 2000. About 25.3 million infected people—70 percent of the total—were in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2000 alone, 5.3 million people became newly infected with HIV. Another 21.8 million persons have already died from the disease since the beginning of the epidemic, mostly in Africa. In 2000, about 600,000 children became newly infected with HIV, nearly all of whom were infants born to HIV-infected mothers. Nine of 10 newly infected infants were in sub-Saharan Africa. The virus that causes AIDS has already infected and is infecting many Africans. About 20 percent of the entire adult population aged 15–49 is currently infected in nine southern African countries—Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. This is a staggering level, and most of these people do not even know they are infected. From the beginning of the epidemic through 2000, about 4.4 million persons may have developed AIDS in southern Africa, although most of these have not been officially recorded. No cure is available for AIDS, and the disease threatens the social and economic well being of the countries.
Describes the HRWG's purpose, activities, members, and achievements.
AIDS Impact Model Update Bulletin (Vol. 1 No. 2) 2001
This paper is designed to serve as a key background document for the Sustainability Strategy Conference, May 3-4, 2001. It summarized the findings of 12 individual situation analysis papers developed under four different subject areas: financial sustainability, institutional capacity, enabling environment and sustainability of demand.
U.S. Ambassadors in Africa are uniquely positioned to engage in policy dialogue to strengthen the political will needed to institute policies and strategies still lacking in the battle against HIV/AIDS. These notes are meant to serve as a starting point for discussions on identifying the most important messages that U.S. Ambassadors in Africa can make in speaking with various leaders and leadership groups in their countries. These issues can also serve as a guide to priorities for actions that U.S. Ambassadors can take to increase political commitment to HIV/AIDS policies and programs and to mobilize human and financial resources needed to rapidly scale up the HIV/AIDS activities in their countries.
Background, projections and impacts of HIV/AIDS in Haiti.
UNAIDS, USAID and the POLICY Project have developed the AIDS Program Effort Index (API) to measure program effort in the response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The index is designed to provide a profile that describes national effort and the international contribution to that effort. The API was applied to 40 countries in 2000. The results show that program effort is relatively high in the areas of legal and regulatory environment, policy formulation and organizational structure. Political support was somewhat lower but increased the most from 1998. Monitoring and evaluation and prevention programs scored in the middle range, about 50 out of 100 possible points. The lowest rated components were resources and care. The API also measured the availability of key prevention and care services. Overall, essential services are available to about half of the people living in urban areas but to only about one-quarter of the entire population. International efforts to assist country programs received relatively high rating in all categories except care. The results presented here will be supplemented later this year with a new component on human rights and a score that compares countries on program effort.
Goals permet aux programmes nationaux d'étudier l'impact que peuvent avoir différents niveaux et modes de financement sur les objectifs nationaux. Il est généralement appliqué par une équipe pluridisciplinaire composée de spécialistes de tous horizons (démographie, épidémiologie, finance sanitaire, planification) représentant différents aspects de la société (gouvernement, société civile, secteur privé, donateurs). Une équipe technique collabore à la mise en place initiale du modèle. Ce dernier est ensuite utilisé au sein d'ateliers interactifs par les planificateurs et les parties intéressées dans le but d'étudier les effets que telle ou telle configuration de programmes peut avoir sur la prestation des services de soins et d'assistance et sur la prévention des nouvelles infections à VIH. Grâce à cette interaction, les participants parviennent à mieux comprendre la dynamique du financement et de l'impact des programmes. Ils sont ainsi mieux préparés pour formuler des budgets et des objectifs réalistes, qui reflètent leurs priorités.
El modelo de Goals debe ser utilizado por programas nacionales con el fin de explorar qué efectos tienen los diversos niveles y patrones de financiación sobre las metas nacionales. Por lo general, la instrumentación corre a cargo de un grupo multidisciplinario integrado por participantes con distintos antecedentes (demografía, epidemiología, finanzas para la salud, planificación) que representan los diversos aspectos de la sociedad (gobierno, sociedad civil, sector privado, donantes). Un equipo técnico trabaja estrechamente para instrumentar el modelo por primera vez. Posteriormente, el modelo se emplea en talleres interactivos con planificadores y partes interesadas para explorar qué efectos producen las diversas configuraciones del programa sobre la atención, apoyo y prevención de nuevas infecciones del VIH. Mediante dicha interacción, los participantes adquieren un mejor entendimiento de la dinámica de la financiación y su impacto. Ese taller los prepara para crear presupuestos y metas realistas que reflejen sus prioridades.
Brochure on maternal mortality and women's status in Haiti.
This document is the actual National Health Policy for Bangladesh.
During its five-year term (1995-2000), the POLICY Project improved the policy environment for FP/RH programs and advanced ICPD objectives worldwide. Working in 36 countries and with USAID three regional organizations, POLICY collaborated with scores of institutional partners, including NGOs, research institutions, government agencies, consulting firms, media companies, and universities. By the end of the project, POLICY employed 152 overseas staff and consultants, who provided continuous in-country technical support to project activities. At the same time, there were approximately 80 U.S.-based staff members working on POLICY.
This document contains a listing of results at the SO and IR levels achieved over the life of the POLICY I Project. Table 1A shows a tally of results by country and region. Each individual check denotes achievement of a result in that country. The column totals in the table represent the number of countries in which a result at that level occurred. Overall, POLICY achieved 88 SO level results in 33 countries and 149 IR level results in 36 countries. The detailed text of results by country follows Table 1A.
Draft population policy.
Draft National Youth and Adolescent Health Policy
This paper summarizes findings from over 130 studies of private services provided to improve child health.
El modelo RAPID fue creado para brindar proyecciones que puedan usarse como base en una presentación capaz de estimular el diálogo político acerca de la importancia de los factores poblacionales en el desarrollo económico y social.2 Por lo general, tales presentaciones intentan elevar el conocimiento de quienes toman decisiones sobre los factores poblacionales, a fin de mejorar el ambiente político para programas de población más efectivos. Como resultado, las presentaciones hechas por RAPID son diseñadas para transmitir a los encargados de formular políticas información clave en forma adecuada.
Le modèle RAPID vise à fournir des projections qui peuvent être utilisées comme base d'une présentation de politiques pour stimuler le dialogue sur l'importance des facteurs démographiques pour le développement social et économique.2 Généralement, ces présentations visent à sensibiliser davantage les décideurs aux facteurs démographiques pour améliorer des programmes en matière de population. Par conséquent, les présentations RAPID sont conçues pour communiquer une information-clé aux décideurs sous une forme appropriée à ce public.
Report on Workshop to Disseminate HIV/AIDS Prevalence Data in Mozambique
This paper provides a background on the financing of health care and identifies and discusses reproductive health policy issues in the context of the social health insurance system in Romania.
USAID prepared pathways to achieve the strategic objective of reduced fertility and improved reproductive health in North India. Intermediate results to achieve the strategic objective have been prepared in December 1997 for the IFPS Project in Uttar Pradesh that covers 28 districts. Subsequently in January 1999, the SO2 Indicator survey was undertaken in five districts with a sample size of 5000 households to measure the progress made by the IFPS project during the calendar year 1998. In the following year, the study was undertaken in ten districts with a sample size of 10,000 households. Since the IFPS project was working in full gear in 15 priority districts and had started scaling-up its intervention in the 13 other PERFORM districts, it was desired to have separate estimates for priority and other PERFORM districts. Hence, the SO2 Indicator survey for year 1999 was undertaken with a sample size of 10,000 households covering 10 out of the 28 districts. The sample size was proportionally split between the priority and other PERFORM districts. As slightly over three-fifths of the population was in the priority districts, 6130 households from six districts were covered and the remaining 3870 households were from four other PERFORM districts. The selected priority districts were Etawah, Gorakhpur, Varanasi, Allahabad, Kanpur nagar and Meerut while the other PERFORM districts included Gonda, Azamgarh, Bareilly and Saharanpur.
The Policy Environment Score (PES) is intended to measure the degree to which the policy environment supports the reproductive health of the population, with particular focus on access to high quality family planning and reproductive health services. It is designed to reflect both the current level of support and the changes that take place over a one to three year period as a result of policy activities. The POLICY Project has developed a prototype questionnaire to offer to each interested country, with the understanding that local adaptations would often be desirable. That was the case in Egypt, and considerable thought was given to the particular items of the questionnaire. The PES instrument has now been used 5 times in Egypt (1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 and 2000).